Timely Topics

Effect of heat stress during early, late, and entire dry period on dairy cattle

By Thiago F. Fabris, Jimena Laporta, Amy L. Skibiel, Fabiana N. Corra, Bethany D. Senn, Stephanie E. Wohlgemuth, Geoffrey E. Dahl

This study from the University of Florida, Gainesville, found that cooling for the entire dry period increased milk yield up to 30 weeks into lactation. It showed that heat stress at any time during the dry period compromises performance of cows after calving. Read

Symposium review: The importance of the ruminal epithelial barrier for a healthy and productive cow

By Jörg R. Aschenbach, Qendrim Zebeli, Amlan K. Patra, Gabriele Greco, Salah Amasheh, Gregory B. Penner

The ruminal epithelium is the main site for absorption of key nutrients and electrolytes. Yet, the absorptive function has to be highly selective to prevent entry of microbes and toxins. This study outlines what researchers know, and still must uncover, about the factors that counteract barrier impairment and help with barrier restoration.  Read

Claw disorders in dairy cattle: Effects on production, welfare and farm economics with possible prevention methods

By Marie Alvergnas, Tomasz Strabel, Katarzyna Rzewuska, Ewa Sell-Kubiak

Laminitis-related and infectious claw disorders often cause a decrease in milk yield. Claw disorders are also responsible for reproduction problems and can reduce feed intake. This study examines the most efficient measures to prevent those losses — and improve animal welfare. Read
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