Timely Topics

Effects of ruminal pH on gene expression in the rumen epithelium, peripheral blood 4 mononuclear cell subpopulations, and blood metabolites from Holstein calves during 5 weaning transition

By Yo-Han KIM, Noriyuki TOJI, Keiichiro KIZAKI, Kei TAKEMURA, Shiro KUSHIBIKI, Shigeru SATO

In this 2019 paper published in The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, the authors found feeding the only starter to calves decreases rumen pH at weaning with upregulation of the receptor TLR4. Feeding only starter lowered cholesterol synthesis in the rumen epithelium whereas starter and forage combined resulted in higher energy status. Read

Changes in the rumen and colon microbiota and effects of live yeast dietary supplementation during the transition from the dry period to lactation of dairy cows

By A. Bach, A. López-García, O. González-Recio, G. Elcoso, F. Fàbregas, F. Chaucheyras-Durand, M. Castex

In this study, researchers made innovative use of endoscopy to sample rumen and colon tissues. This technique offered a unique perspective to study rumen microbiota. The resulting research details the effect of the rumen-specific yeast S. cerevisiae CNCM I-1077 on microbiota changes in both rumen and colon around transition. Read
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